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Prevention and Control of Industrial Emissions in Vietnam
Consultation Workshop on Best Available Techniques in the Vietnamese Steel Sector

After organising a series of fieldtrips to large steel plants in the Northern and Central Vietnam, Hanns Seidel Foundation Vietnam (HSF) and the Department of Legal Affairs (DLA) under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Vietnam (MoNRE) jointly hosted a hybrid consultation workshop on 23rd December to thoroughly discuss regulations on Best Available Techniques (BAT) in Vietnam and the application of BAT in the Vietnamese steel sector.

Discussion during the consultation workshop


More than 50 experts, researchers, policy makers, and entrepreneurs attended the workshop co-organised by HSF and DLA-MoNRE on 23rd December to discuss regulations on BAT, the national technical regulations on industrial emissions and wastewater, and the application of BAT in steel plants in Vietnam. Due to current COVID-19-restrictions on social gathering in Hanoi, only 15 experts in steel industry as well as representatives from the MoNRE and HSF were invited to the offline-setting, while the majority of participants – including representatives from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, Vietnam Steel Association, relevant think-tanks and research institutes, international organisations, and many steelmakers such as Hoa Phat Group, Vietnam - Italy Steel JSC, VNSTEEL, Posco Yamato Vina Steel, etc. joined the discussion via Zoom.

Presentation of Dr Nguyen Van Sua – Senior Expert of Vietnam Foundry and Metallurgy Science and Technology Association


At the workshop, BAT experts in the steel sector made several policy recommendations concerning the application of BAT in the steel sector in Vietnam. A special emphasis was put on lessons that Vietnam can learn from European countries where the Sevilla Process is designed to agree upon what constitutes the BAT for pollution prevention and control, and requiring polluting industries to use BAT to reduce pollution is a central feature of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED). Furthermore, representatives from Southern Steel Company Ltd. - VNSTEEL and Hoa Phat Hai Duong Steel JSC. also introduced BATs which have been applied in their plants and put forward several constructive suggestions from entrepreneurial perspectives. These are valuable technical inputs to the draft Decree on the enforcement of the Law on Environmental Protection 2020, the guiding circular on the implementation of BAT in Vietnam, and the development of BAT Reference Document (BREF) for the Vietnamese steel sector.